Overactive bladder: A condition with the bladder function that causes a sudden urge to urinate. Overactive bladder causes a sudden and unstoppable need to urinate (urinary urgency), and can lead to the involuntary loss of urine (incontinence).
Symptoms: frequent urination, urgency of urination, and urge incontinence.
Stress urinary incontinence: A condition that causes loss of urine when you exert pressure or stress on your bladder when you cough, laugh, exercise, lift something heavy or sneeze. Accidental leaks occur when your sphincter muscle, which acts like a valve to the bladder, is weakened and can not stay closed when there’s pressure in your abdomen.
Fecal incontinence: The inability to control your bowel movements, causing stool to leak unexpectedly from your rectum. Sometimes called bowel incontinence. Incontinence ranges from an occasional leakage of stool while passing gas to a complete loss of bowel control.
Symptoms: uncontrollable passage of gas or stools, inability to make it to the toilet in time to avoid an accident, diarrhea, constipation, gas and bloating, and abdominal cramping.
Constipation: A common condition that causes people to experience infrequent bowel movements, pass hard stools or strain during bowel movements.
Symptoms: passing fewer than three stools a week, hard stool, excessive straining during bowel movement, sense of rectal blockage, a feeling of incomplete evacuation of stool during bowel movement, and needs to use manual maneuvers to have a bowel movement.
Pelvic organ prolapse: Occurs when the pelvic floor muscles become weak or damaged and can no longer support the pelvic organs. There are four types of prolapse, including:
Uterine prolapse: The womb drops down into the vagina. It is the second most common type of prolapse.
Anterior vaginal wall prolapse: When the bladder prolapses, it falls towards the vagina and creates a large bulge in the front vaginal wall. This is the most common type of prolapse in women.
Vaginal vault prolapse (apical or top): The vaginal vault is the top of the vagina. It can only fall in on itself after a woman’s womb has been removed (hysterectomy).
Prolapse of the posterior (back) vaginal wall: Part of the small intestine that lies just behind the uterus may slip down between the rectum and the back wall of the vagina.